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|Title:||Mapping road traffic crashes using GIS – A case study of Navi Mumbai|
|Keywords:||School of Habitat Studies|
|Abstract:||Road Traffic Crashes have been a cost that people have had to weigh against the benefits of road transport networks and the growing number of vehicles. It is a major contributor to the world’s disease burden and has been predicted to grow to one of the 5 leading causes of death in the world by the year 2030. The number of crashes has been steadily increasing in the country. With almost no pre hospital care and a large number of vulnerable road users, there is a need to prevent and mitigate such incidents by identifying vulnerable populations and areas where crashes are high and intervening with target measures. Crashes are a product of human, technical and environmental factors. The major objective of the study is to identify high risk zones and understand the contributing factors to road traffic crashes. To achieve these objectives, GIS is used as a tool to study fatal and non fatal crash events in Navi Mumbai and identify risk zones on the highways as well as the arterial roads of the region. Geo-coded data on the number of crashes taking place in January 2009 to August 2010 and as well as information on attributes such as time and date of the crash, number of persons involved, injuries occurring and vehicle involved were taken for the study. The results show various patterns of distribution of crashes in terms of their time and day of occurrence and identify motor cycle users as the most vulnerable road users that are affected by road traffic crashes. With information on the location of each incident, risk zones on the roads were identified on the basis of high number of crashes occurring as well as areas where crashes causing deaths and serious injuries are the highest. Spatial analysis using GIS for Road Traffic Crashes to identify hot spots to identify high risk zones in the region, enables policy makers to design injury prevention strategies for RTCs. In India, further GIS-based research is needed for planning access to emergency health care, to determine environmental-related causes, developing Injury registries and design population-based educational interventions in a developing country setting.|
|Appears in Collections:||M.A.|
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