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Title: Exploring And Understanding Urban-Rural Water Conflicts On The Basis of Water Access And Allocation: A Case Study of Mumbai Metropolitan Region
Authors: Kaushik Kumar, Kundgulwar
Keywords: School of Habitat Studies
Pranjal Deekshit
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Urbanisation is the trend adopted by the developing countries as the way forward and there is a rapid change in the rate of population shifting to urban areas. Huge metropolitan centres were developed in India, to enhance the development process. These huge metropolitan centres had put a lot of pressure on the existing water resources and in fact at the risk of exploitation. Water being an inevitable source for urbanisation and hence development, it was never looked as such in whole planning process. There was whole lot of vacuum between the planning of the urban centres versus water availability and access. This is the reason that, many of the urban centres had travelled long distances to fetch water, which then involved rural part, and then created the urban-rural interaction. The resource pressure and unjustified planning has led to differential access to the resource between urban and rural, which then will lead to conflict. The research projects illustrates this with a case study of urban-rural conflicts in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) and its Hydrometric boundary (MHA). The trajectory of urban has been mapped which included many factors that has led to the exploitative and exclusion nature of urban. The trajectory of rural has been mapped where, how it has led itself into the stage of deprivation for the resource. All the above factors will/has led to conflict, which was the objective of the following study: to identify and characterise the latent conflicts present in MMR and MHA region
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