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Title: Understanding suburban local train hawkers : A case study in Mumbai, Maharashtra
Authors: Jaware, Priti Pandit
Keywords: Train Hawkers - Mumbai - Maharashtra
Ratoola Kundu
School of Habitat Studies
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Indian cities are undergoing rapid process of urbanization since Independence. With growing population and unexpected growth of cities it became hard for local g overnment to control the development of the city. Mumbai is metropolitan city also capital city of Indian state of Maharashtra. India's Urban poor population is 21.9% below the poverty line in 2011 - 12. Poverty in India has been a part of the policy debate right from the First Plan Period with the primary focus. There are 68% of Mumbai's workforce is employed by the informal sector (Micro Housing Finance Corporation). These people are extremely poor, vulnerable, live in informal settlements, or a pavements and make a living that is barely hand to mouth. Many of them work as hawkers on streets, near stations. Some are also selling goods inside the Mumbai Suburban Railway network, however, the local government does not include the livelihood and residential n eeds of all poor people in its master plan, like train hawkers, mobile vendors and pavements. This research tries to understand the “LIVELIHOOD PATTERN, CHALLENGES AND ISSUE OF SUBURBAN TRAINS VENDORS, MUMBAI” . I try to find What are the problems r elating to selling goods in suburban trains? Who are this vendors? What are they vending in train? Why they vending in the train and not on pavements? Do they pay money to the police? Are they aware of the plans for any facility? A major problem is that m aster plans prepared for cities do not allocate space to train vendors. In most case these laws do not directly prohibit hawking as a profession. Hence, there is a need to study the railway authority y laws also the vendors law. Another important aspect of this trade is the views of the consumers, railway officials, police ect. What are the vending in train? In this project I am using the Qualitative methodolog y with an in depth interview of 20 hawkers on the western line. Pilot study completed wi th questionnaire, in second round of data collection I have used the open ended question, for depth interviews conducted with train hawkers (male and female) and stakeholder, oral history, with audio recording, photos. ix Hence, it is necessary to understand the different between train hawkers and street vendors, with their livelihood pattern and urban poverty.
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