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Title: Process of making development plan and its impacts on various stakeholders
Authors: Bhaisare, Mohini Udaykumar
Keywords: Development Plan - Stakeholders - Palghar - Maharashtra
Lalitha Kamath
School of Habitat Studies
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Planning process has evolved with various planning too ls in a period of time which are evolved in an expectation to provide the reforms to the citizens and society. One such planning tools which is discussed in detail in this research is the process of making development plan of Palghar town in state of Mahar ashtra which intends to make the proposals at the city level in sectors like housing, commercial, industry, recreational facilities, public semi - public facilities and other such services. The approach used in this research is qualitative approach. Along wi th the development plan making process, the impact of the planning process on various stakeholders was also analyzed. The development plan process in Palghar not only had one dimension of planning, but other aspects like developers, housing societies, lobb y builders and local politics were also involved in it which affects the life of the deprived stakeholders like people living in slum area, people who are coming to the local markets to sell their goods and people living in nearby villages in fringe area o f town. Analysis of development plan of Palghar explained that there exist the practice of inclusion and exclusion within different types of stakeholders which are deprived from taking participation in planning process by way of their identity. As the elit es and politicians had larger stake in planning, they became one such stakeholder to influence the development plan that it dominantly contains highly residential clusters, recreational centers, transportation, etc. Deprived stakeholders of slum area are p roposed to get relocated to fringe area of town. Local market sellers are ordered to discontinue their livelihood activity alongside roads as they are creating traffic congestion. This vast difference of planning provisions to different types of stakeholde rs indicate that it still favors the powerful over the deprived, as there are returns when favoring elites and politicians
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