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Title: Trifurcation or Means of Appropriation ?
Other Titles: A Study of the Process, Rationale and Impact of Trifurcation of Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Authors: Singh, Apula
Keywords: Muncipal Corporation Of Delhi - Trifurcation
Lalitha Kamath
School of Habitat Studies
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) was trifurcated in early 2012 by Sheila Dikshit - led Congress party at the state. It was argued by the state that this division of the MCD would improve administrative efficiency and accessibility. This research examines the process, rationale and impact of trifurcation while tracing the evolution of the MCD, given its unique local governance structure at the in tersection of three levels of government. A qualitative case study approach is followed in conducting a study of the changes in the institution of MCD, with an empirical study of the function of solid waste management – only function of MCD that no other government agency performs – at the East Delhi Municipal Corporation. A review of the evolution of local government in Delhi explains how ever since the constitution of the Government of National Capital Territory of De lhi (GNTCD) in 1992, it has tried to appropriate the functions of MCD. The study argues that trifurcation of MCD is one such attempt to garner further control over the territory of the local government and successfully create a physical distinction in thei r jurisdictions. The study finds that the process did not address prior inefficiencies in the system as no attempt was made to address multiplicity of agencies, nor was an attempt made towards decentralising the local government, as recommended by the 74 th CAA. Even the process of management of municipal solid waste has remained largely unaltered at the zonal level in East MCD as the focus was to create a layer of top - level executives who can assign and monitor tasks across the bureaucracy. Although it seem s that management of tasks may have improved, the benefits are nullified by a severe financial crisis. The study finds that w ith poor sources of internal revenue, Corporation’s reliance on transfers from GNCTD is massive but these fund transfers have been caught up in a political battle. This is impacting the routine operations of the Corporation as safai karamcharis and many other employees frequently go on strikes demanding timely payment of their salaries. Thus in this political and administrative slugfe st, it is service delivery to the residents of Delhi that has been hi
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