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Title: Common Property Resources and Changing Livelihoods: A Study of a Village in Odisha
Authors: Mishra, Nikita
Keywords: School of Development Studies
Madhushree Sekher
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: TISS
Abstract: Common property resources in the forms of forest resources play an important role for the sustenance of the forest dwelling population in this country. Since the colonial period, the accesses of the forest dwelling communities have been restricted through the enactment of stringent forest legislations and secondly, by negating their traditional knowledge and pushing them towards the modernization process. Thus the main objectives behind this research is firstly, to understand the changes in the livelihood practices of the forest dwelling communities with respect to the change in the access of CPRs and secondly, to understand the forms of dispossessions and vulnerabilities witnessed by the forest dwelling communities due to the change in their livelihood practices and thirdly, to study the role of various state and non state institutions working as the coping strategies against the vulnerabilities faced by the forest dwelling communities. The change in the livelihood process of the forest dwelling communities has been seen through the change in the access of minor forest produces and secondly, through the change in the traditional cultivation pattern. This research has been carried out in the Thuamul Block of Kalahandi district in Odisha. It is one of the backward districts in India with highest population of tribal communities coming under the below poverty line category. The region is largely inhabited by the Kondha community. Mostly tribes in this block rely on the collection of minor forest produces and practicing of shifting cultivation for their sustenance. Along with the study of welfare safety nets provided by the government for the benefit of the tribal communities, the main focus was given on OTELP programme meant for developing livelihood opportunities for the tribal communities in the district. The methods of multisited ethnography and the approach of historical institutionalism have been used. programme was done. Through this research it was observed that the OTELP programme has been able to provide alternate livelihood options for the tribes who were earlier engaged in shifting cultivation. The capacity building of the tribal communities has been achieved through the establishment of community based organizations in the village. The involvement of the nongovernmental organization and the state agenicies has helped in the channelizing of the resources and overcoming the overlaps and confusion in the implementation of the programme. This research has studied the forms of dispossessions experienced by the tribal communities in the country as a consequence of their restriction in accessing the forest resources. Along with that it has also emphasized on the fact that the facilitation of the state can help in reducing vulnerabilities and providing social security for the forest dwelling communities in this country.
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_Title.pdf24.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Declaration.pdf29.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Certificate.pdf29.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Contents.pdf50.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Abbrevations.pdf29.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_List of Figures.pdf32.64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_List of Tables.pdf32.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Acknowledgement.pdf31 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Abstract.pdf30.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 1.pdf233.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 2.pdf194.77 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 3.pdf172.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 4.pdf1.95 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 5.pdf67.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_References.pdf80.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Appendix.pdf33.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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