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Title: Marginalisation of Women Workforce in Indigenous Industry: Evidences of Alcohol Industry in Namthanlong, Manipur
Authors: Kamei, Richard
Keywords: School of Management and Labour Studies
Samapti Guha
Women Workforce
Alcohol Industry
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: TISS
Abstract: Tribal people and alcohol are closely associated in shaping tribal people’s way of life. Brewery of liquor for its consumption is widely practiced in their society. In addition to liquor for its consumption, they also use liquor during the time of ritualistic practices such as wedding, funeral, and other social gatherings.In Manipur, since ancient time, production of alcohol has been made possible through the process of fermentation and distillation. The practice of producing alcohol was inherent in every community in Manipur; later on Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Scheduled Castes (SCs) community retain this practice. Tribal populace in Imphal is prominent and among them Rongmei Tribal community has been settling for centuries in their villages in Imphal. Large section of the Rongmei people residing in Imphal is considered to be closely attached to their culture, customs and tradition. These attachments are perceived to be the reason on why Rongmei people continue to link their way of life with alcohol. The attribution to alcohol is linked to Rongmei on the line of religion as majority of Rongmei residing in hill districts follow Christianity and they do not brew alcohol. This research study is taken up to look into the working conditions and the status of women in indigenous alcohol industry from Namthanlong village, Manipur. The village is a Rongmei dominated village with their own customary law and traditional practices. The village is widely known for the practice of making alcohol and in catering to customers using their household settings The brewing and selling of alcohol in Namthanlong are taken up mostly by women and the male members of their family extend help time to time. But the main responsibility lies with women. Women borne almost all the burden for activity of alcohol production and its selling, and they tolerate this self employment despite moral accusations, societal treatment etc. Association with alcohol is considered as a social evil in Manipuri society, and it is considered to be of low status and more so for women who brew and sell alcohol. The reliance on the self employed activity of alcohol brewing and selling as a major source of economy for Rongmei women and their family is stifled by the passing of prohibition of alcohol in the early 1990s. Raiding with subsequent fine is frequent in every village where there is an alcohol brewery and selling. In Imphal, the Excise Department collects bribes from women who brew alcohol and sell alcohol. Conformity to paying bribe is being taken up as a means to continue producing and selling alcohol. This is not a foolproof license because there are times when they are being raided and fined under pressure from civil societies and the higher authority. The present research study seeks to locate and investigate the condition of women in the indigenous alcohol industry of Namthanlong. It covers dimensions on their health, literacy level, socio-economic and political domains etc. Family who thrives by selling alcohol usually goes through a vicious cycle of poverty. The impact of alcohol brewery is also said to be felt upon the children and local community. The absence of self help groups and the connotation attached to women linked with alcohol work compound the condition of Rongmei women. In this study, the framework of ‘decent work’ by International Labour Organisation (ILO) is being used in understanding and analysing women in this indigenous alcohol industry in Namthanlong, Manipur.
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_title.pdf20.03 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_declaration.pdf175.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_certificate.pdf175.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_contents.pdf180.63 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Abbreviations.pdf175.01 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_acknowledgement.pdf177.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_Abstract.pdf179.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Chapter 1.pdf234.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Chapter 2.pdf364.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 3.pdf524.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 4.pdf362.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 5.pdf244.87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 6.pdf227.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_references.pdf204.14 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_appendix.pdf890.26 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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