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Title: Review of Water Scarcity Scenario in the Community Belonging to Unorganized Sector: A Study of the Three Localities in Guwahati City
Authors: Karishma, Gogoi
Keywords: MA in Social Work- 2014
Saikia, Abhinandan
Unorganized Sector-Water Scarcity Scenario
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: TISS Guwahati Campus
Abstract: Guwahati as known as the Gateway of North East is the Capital city of Assam which is located in the Kamrup district, western part of Assam. Many people from other districts and also from other states migrates to Guwahati for further studies, employment etc. As a result, due to increasing migration, there is a decline in the ground water table following excess demand for water consumption. In this situation people face issues like water scarcity and this problem hits generally the urban poor that are employed in unorganized sector. This study focuses the coping pattern of community belonging to the unorganized sector and their day-to-day problems related with water scarcity issues. It also made an attempt to understand the institutional intricacies linked with the city’s governmental bodies responsible for providing water supply. The study has been conducted in three localities, situated in Uzanbazar, under Guwahati city. A mixed methodology has been applied while carrying out the study. The study found that water scarcity is mostly felt by the unorganized sector workers because of their low level of income. Even if there are private agencies who sells water but the unorganized sector workers prefer to fetch water from the unsafe sources such as river, well etc. as they don’t want to spend their 2/3 days income in buying water which is supposed to be free for every individual. Because of fetching and drinking water from unsafe sources, the community is also dealing with water born disease like diarrhea. Findings of this study also show that women, who goes to fetch water every day for drinking and other household works is the most vulnerable from this water scarcity issue, as they face various issues while dealing with the problem of water scarcity. The study also reveals that the majority of the population in the community is belongs to SC and OBC category. As the SC and the OBCs are considered as the marginalized sections in our society and often they deprived of their basic needs in their lives this could be seen in this community also, because they are unable to access even minimum amount of water to sustain their live
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