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Title: Survival of Marginal Farmers in the State of Gujarat: A Case Study of Bhimtalav Village of Anand District
Authors: Rathod, Ashvin
Keywords: MA in Social Work- 2014
Barooah, Samhita
Marginal Farmers-Case Study-Gujarat
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: TISS Guwahati Campus
Abstract: India is an agricultural country where majority of its population till today depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Agriculture provides a means of sustenance which is the basic necessity for human beings. But the unequal distribution of the resources like land is becoming the main concerns of the country. This is due to the legacy of inequality base o n different social groups which exist since Pre - British era. This coupled with the post independent era appropriations of land for non - agricultural purposes. These challenges are accelerated by the economic centric nature of development created by the rapi d industrialisation which has created inequalities and enlarge the gap existing between the rich and the poor. One of the larger inequalities witness in the agricultural system of the country is the gaps that existed between the marginal farmers and landlo rd. In a state like Gujarat which claims itself to be one of the fastest growing economy in the country with rapid investment in the industrial sectors the gaps has even been more enhanced and the plight of the marginal farmers are pathetic. The y are not able access to technological advancement created. Moreover the social structure that has prevailed has in fact put them on the margin and don’t facilitate in accessing resources of livelihood. Thus, they have no scope of improving or enhancing th eir livelihoods and at times they fall prey to debts. They borrow money from the institutions like banks, cooperative society etc. as well as non - institutional sources like money landers. Thus they fall in debts and they are caught up in the poverty cycle. So they have to struggle for the better future life. The state agriculture policies are not at addressing plight of the marginal farmers and they remains on the margin of policy level discourses. Even the RBI also does not have separate information or sch eme for the small marginal farmers for credit facilities. This study focuses on marginal farmers in Bhimtalav village of Anand district, Gujarat. It deals with the socio - economic conditions of the marginal farmers looking into the support systems from institutional as well as non - institutional agencies. It also deals with understanding the context of marginalisation. From the study it is found that the cropping system is linked to the socio - economic conditions of farmers and modern tech nology. The main crops grown in the area is rice and wheat which is the staple food of the region. Moreover the type and quality of the soil is suitable to these crops. There is no multiple crops cultivation. The farmers mainly cultivate iv single crop due to the type of soil and lack of economic resources to invest on cultivation of other crops. There are canal irrigation facilities, but majority of the marginal farmers don’t have the equipment to use it. They have no accessibility to modern technologies that could facilitate in their agricultural activities. Majority of the marginal farmers are non - literate and thus they accessibility to formal institutions like banks and co - operatives becomes difficult as they have no adequate knowledge to avail the benefits provided by them. They take loans from money landers with high rate of interest eventually caught up in the cycle of poverty. Thus, there is a need for policy level interventions and review of several agricultural plans that are not addressing the issues of the marginal farmer.
Appears in Collections:M.A.

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