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Title: Impact of Monetization on Traditional Jhum Practice and Associated Social Structure: A Study in Peren District, Nagaland
Authors: Ndang, Namgurang
Keywords: EESD-2014
Barbora, Sanjay
Jhum Practice-Nagaland
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: TISS Guwahati Campus
Abstract: Agro-biodiversity focuses on the part of biodiversity which includes crops, plants and animals directly relevant to agriculture. This study looked into agro-biodiversity in traditional Zeliang Naga tribe jhum cultivation and the impact of monetization of jhum cultivation and social linked structure. Jhum cultivation involves cultivations of crops for a year or so and left for fallow, maintaining a cycle known as Jhum cycle.The study reveals that agro-biodiversity in jhum field is around 40 varieties of different crops. But due to market pressure and more profit farmers are tempted and are slowly shifting towards cash crops and mono cropping, which in turn is having an adverse impact on the social linked structure of the jhum practitioners. The study was carried out in two villages namely Old Peren and New Puilwa village under Peren block of Peren district, Nagaland.
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