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Title: Extent And Incidence of Elder Absue in Jamshedpur
Authors: Das, Arpita
Keywords: School of Social Sciences
Siva Raju, S
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: There has been a rise in the longevity of man, with a decrease, in the levels of mortality and fertility. Fewer and fewer additions are, now made, to the base of the population pyramid, thus, increasing the proportion of older persons to the total population. This phenomenon is known as the `ageing of the population'. With the growing trends of industrialization and urbanization, preferences of the younger generation for nuclear families and seeking of jobs by women outside the domain of their home, the elderly are left all by themselves with no one to take to care of them. In the process, the elderly are also subjected to abuse, in various forms, such as, physical, psychological, financial or neglect. There has been a growing realization, the world over, about the existence of this phenomenon, since the 1980's. However, the research and documentation on the same issue has neither been adequate nor equivalent. The need was therefore felt, to find out the nature and extent of such abuse existing in the society, the various forms in which it exists, the different manifestations of it, as also to know and understand the various factors contributing to it. The present study has been conducted on a sample of 50 elderly people (25 males and 25 females), above the age of 60 years, in the industrial town of Jamshedpur, in Jharkhand, in the urban areas. Quota sampling as been used and n interview schedule was prepared in accordance with the objectives. Data analysis was conducted using the SPSS package and necessary bi-variate and tri-variate cross tabulation was prepared in this regard. The data collected consists of information such as the demographic and socio economic status of the elderly, their family and social networks etc. since it is supposed to have a direct bearing on the status of the elderly. The interview was then steered to discuss as to whether the respondents knew about the existence of such abuse and there opinions regarding it, and later to whether they themselves had had to face abuse of any kind in their personal spheres. Sex has been used as a control variable, so as to, understand the finer nuances of such abuse across gender.
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