Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://192.168.194.112/handle/1/4485
Title: Level Of Stress And Coping Mechanisms :A Study Among Psychiatrists
Authors: Dewan, Minakshi
Keywords: School of Social Sciences
Anil Kumar, K.
Issue Date: 2003
Abstract: The present study aimed at identifying the sources and level of stress and coping among Psychiatrists. The specific objectives of the study are to examine the level of stress and the sources of stress among psychiatrists and to study the relationship between personality coping and level of stress. There have been many studies on stress and coping mechanisms. However, there is a dearth of studies on the interrelationship between stress, coping, and personality. Thus the present study focused on studying the interaction between stress, coping and personality. The study was conducted in government and private hospitals in Delhi and Chandigarh. A combination of quantitative and qualitative research was utilized to achieve the objective of the study, Specifically, survey method and unstructured in-depth interviews were employed for this purpose. A total of 47 respondents were selected. An interview schedule was prepared to gather information on demographic details, socio- economic status and subjective perception of stress. Six scales measuring level of stress, coping and type A personality were used. In order to measure level of stress, Mental Health professional Stress Scale (Cushway et.al, 1996) was used. To measure coping, The Ways of Coping Questionnaire' (Folkman and lazarus, 1998) was used and to measure Type A personality, Type A behavior measure was used (M Grath JE, 1968). Among the selected respondents there were 37 males and 10 females, 28- 34 was the age group for majority of respondents. Majority are married and hail from nuclear families. Out of total respondents 26 belong to Delhi, 13 belong to Chandigarh and the remaining stay in other cities. The group is almost evenly divided between senior residents or consultants. Most of the psychiatrists have reported to fall in the monthly income category of Rs 10,000-20,000.A1l the respondents hold the qualification of MD psychiatry. In terms of client services majority of them serve both inpatients and outpatients. Most of the psychiatrists work either in private or non- private setting The quantitative data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social sciences (SPSS). Association of demographic and economic variables with mean scale scores of stress, coping and personality was studied. Statistical significance of the observed association was ascertained. The relationship between stress, coping, and personality was examined with the help of simple correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysts For qualitative data collection six in-depth interviews were conducted to obtain further information on aspects like personal emotional problems, family relationships, and aspirations. The findings showed that majority of the psychiatrists experienced stress in their personal life. Their main sources of professional stress were high workload, lack of resources and organizational structure. While, at social level respondents hailing from non-nuclear families faced high stress, mainly related to difficulties with clients and homework conflict. More so, female respondents face high stress because of professional self- doubt. The study clearly shows that respondents with high type A personality score high on coping and low on stress score. Analyses on stress and coping indicates that respondents with high level of stress have highest copine, score while, respondents with high coping score also have highest level of stress. The correlation between level of stress and coping shows that there is a high positive correlation between level of stress and coping. The correlation between level of stress, coping and personality reveals that level of stress and coping have a high positive correlation, coping and personality also have a high positive correlation while, Type A personality and coping have a weak negative relation. Further 411% of variance in stress is explained by coping and personality at .o 1 level of significance The study clearly shows that respondents with high type A personality score high on coping and low on stress score. Analyses on stress and coping indicates that respondents with high level of stress have highest copine, score while, respondents with high coping score also have highest level of stress. The correlation between level of stress and coping shows that there is a high positive correlation between level of stress and coping. The correlation between level of stress, coping and personality reveals that level of stress and coping have a high positive correlation, coping and personality also have a high positive correlation while, Type A personality and coping have a weak negative relation. Further 411% of variance in stress is explained by coping and personality at .o 1 level of significance. In case of mode of therapy, majority of psychiatrists prefer pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy. At the same time, majority of the psychiatrists recommend changes in administration and functioning in team work. Moreover they believe that changes in their job profile and delimiting patient load will help them in the longer run. The implications of the study are that, there is an immediate need to make changes at organizational levels and support systems have to be devised in order to reduce the stress related to personal problems. The deployment of multi-disciplinary team can be helpful in sharing the workload and providing better care to the patients.
URI: http://192.168.194.112/handle/1/4485
Appears in Collections:M.A.

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