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Title: Migration of the maharashtrian rural labour to bombay
Authors: Abhi, Bhamre
Keywords: Punekar, S.D.
School of Management and Labour Studies
Issue Date: 1957
Publisher: Tata Institute Of Social Sciences
Abstract: Agriculture is the oldest of man's industry. For million of persons born in rural districts there is no escape from an agricultural career. While other industries are selective and attract roughly that number of candidates who can find accommodation while suffering only from unforeseen at certain epoch as at present, agriculture starts with too many candidates; neither selection nor rejection is possible, for where would the rejected go? That old necessity of maintenance, the old law of existence, must somehow be made to function. Agricultural thus fills the thankless role of acting as the great population insurance system of the world, always capable of supplying human labour for industrial jobs, never expecting to be received of more of her supply than it is convenient for industry to absorb, ready in times of stress once more to give some modicum of accommodation and shelter for the refugees expelled from urban occupations. The labour problems cannot be treated in isolation and must be regarded in the context of the economic background of be regions concerned. The data was collected in close collaboration with the district collector, officers, the taluka officers, the village Panchayats, the hundreds of villagers , the methods and techniques adopted would be of value to state in smaller stages of economic and social evolution. This study tries to show the (1) Social and economic life of an agricultural worker;(2) what difficulties he faces in adjusting a new urban environment, and how the socio-economic adjustment problem leads to the concept of class consciousness of an urban community (3) what circumstances force him to push him in the city; (4) after migration how the workers keep close contact with their village life, and naturally one feels whether a permanent labour force is possible in our country or not? and lastly, (5) how a decentralised form of society is essential, not only from economical point but largely from a political as well as social point of view, which will ultimately bring coexistence and a synthesis between rural and urban life, a scope for regional development which will create more facilities for employment and lastly, a cooperative common wealth which we cannot see without a bread and wealth for a common man.
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