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Title: Member-participation In Trade Union Activities
Authors: Narayan, S A
Keywords: Punekar, S.D.
School of Management and Labour Studies
Issue Date: 1973
Publisher: Tata Institute Of Social Sciences
Abstract: Title: Member-Participation in Trade Union Activities. Objects: The aim of this study is to find out: a) Why people join trade unions? b) What is the extent of their participation? c) What factors influence their participation? Scope: For the purpose of this study, four white collar unions were selected. These unions consisted of commer- cial employees, bank employees, insurance employees and hospital nurses. Methods of Data Collection: The main method of data collection was the inter-view-schedule method. The items of information collected through these scbedules were: a) personal data, b) enrol-ment, c) participation, d) social relations, e) knowledge of trade union affairs, f) interest in politics and g) miscellaneous items. Information was also obtained from the annual reports of these unions. Sampling: The respondents selected were from three levels viz: non-members, members and office-bearers. The method adopted was quota-sampling. Quotas for each category were fixed; in one case purposively (non-members) in the other two cases by lots. The unit of -study for members and office-bearers _as an enrolled member. The population size was the tot~ enrolled members of each union. The sample size was t4 non-members 28 members -12 office-bearers 48 respondents_ Scores: Participation was quant;ified in terms of numerals. This was done by alloting points/sc?res for various questions answered (refer atmexures I and III). These scores were their qualifati~ely interpreted as 'fair', 'good', 'poor', etc. Simil~ to participation scores, scores for social relations and for interest in politics were also evolved. summary of Findings: 1) As many as 27 o~ of t~e 44 respawEnts joined unions for reasons of self-benefit, thus making self-benefit the predOminant motive for unions. 2) Almost all respondent felt that their interest in union matters-:::i:ncreased, when a~ major issue was be'!ing pursued by the union. 3) While 15 out of 16 off~ce-bearers scored highly in participation index, in the case of members there was an equal numbers of persons scoring 'a~ove average' and below average' on the same. 4) In the case of office-bearers, those who show high grades of participation are likely to be above 40 years of age whereas in the Case of members no such trend was discernible. 5) Both in the case of office-bearers and members, it was found that those who score,·. well in participation are likely to score well in social relations. 6) For both members and office-bearers it was found that a fair score on interest in politics also meant a good score in participation. However the influence of the former on the latter was only weakly established. 7) For office-bearers it was found that intangible satisfactions alone were the sustaining factors, sus- taining their interest in tne union.
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