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Title: Kamatham in dabbapalem A case-study of collective farming in a tribal village
Authors: Iyer, Gowri
Keywords: Bipin Jojo
School of Social Work
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Tata Institute Of Social Sciences
Abstract: The kama/ham system of collective farming found in Dabbapalem village in Addateegala mandaI, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh is one such system of mutual support and cooperation wherein two to three families and! or individuals come together, pool their resources and collectively practice agriculture and allied activities in order to overcome resource scarcities and stay united. Today there are innumerable outside influences which impact these societies, their spirit of collectivism and collective practices. This research adheres to the case-study methodology and uses the tools of observation and group interviews of different naturally occurring groups of people in the village. The tnembers of each collective fanning unit or /cqmatham pool their resources and practice agriculture and allied activities. The contributions of the members vary and the share of the produce that they get is based either em the number of members or the number of families that are involved in the kamath qm . The material contribution of a member to a group in tenns of lands an bullocks could contribute to their share in the decision making process, especially in collective fatming units where the membership cuts across kin. In kamathalu (collective farming units) where the membership is from within the same kin-group, decision making is usually bestowed upon the eldest male member though it is usually based on consensus of all the members. It has been found that along with the kamatham system of collective fanning, there are other forms of collectivism which find manifestation in daily life, celebrations, foraging and mutual help for preparation for special occasion~ such as weddings, house building and other occasions.
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