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Title: Dual role of working women in industry
Authors: Iyengar, BharatI
Keywords: Desai, K.G.
School of Management and Labour Studies
Issue Date: 1984
Publisher: Tata Institute Of Social Sciences
Abstract: Teennyson in his poem 'The Princes' wrote : "Han for the field and woman for the heart; Man for the sword and for the needle she; Man with the head and woman with the heart; Man to command and woman to obey; All else confusion" This rigid segregation of roles between men and women and the decreasing participation of each in the role of others are unique developments in human history. Women in traditional societies could influenced public affairs in private positions but, the world of a house- Wife has become wider by encompassing other roles. Sex: roles are becoming more egalitarian. The emphasis is increasingly on partnership in family life equality between husband and wife, joint activities and collaboration in decision making so as to maximize the possibilities of each member of the family sharing all benefits. This study is oriented to find out more about such women who are on a footing of equality. But conforming to the traditional role they have twin roles. Therefore here the Circle of the study encompasses the arena of domestic role relationship, the arena of family role relationship the arena of work role relationship and the area of the present environment. Highlight of the study: 1) 36% of the population belonged to the age group varying between 31-35 years. 2) More than half of the respondents fell in the category having between 9 to 16 years of experience. 3) Many women have the burden of twin-roles but half of them said that they got help in domestic work. 4) Confirming to the general opinion that after a day's work working women have to go back and do domestic work, 9/10's of the respondents claimed that .they did the same. 5) 3/4 of the respondents said that they work for an extra income. 6) A co-relation between years of experience and enjoying coming to work showed that more than half of them liked coming for work even if they had been working for about 22 yrs. 7) Half of the respondents perceived that none of their supervisors had qualities necessary for an ideal boss. 8) The qualities strongly desired by the respondents, in a supervisor have been impartiality, fairness, justice, understanding, patience, politeness. 9) Against the usual disapproval which is prevalent among husbands about their wife's working, 3/4's of the women said that their husbands approved of their working. 10) 3/4's of the respondents felt that their children strongly resented their pursuing a career. 11) 3/4's of the respondents belonged to the 3500-4000 and above income group. 12) Par-time work was totally unacceptable to 4/5's of the interviewees. 13) More than 3/4's of the interviewees wanted to opt for voluntary retirement due to personal reasons. 13) A co-relation of the attitude of the family and the tendency to opt for retirement showed that 64%, 51% of the respondents wanted to do so because of their husbands and children's attitude respectively.
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