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Title: Access to and Outcomes of Secondary Education for the Urban Poor: Findings from a Study in Mumbai City
Authors: Abraham, Leena
Keywords: Secondary Education
Urban Poor
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Rajagiri Journal of Social Development
Citation: Volume 2, Number 2: p. 192-213
Abstract: Secondary education has received much less attention than it deserves in the state's educational policies and investments in independent India. A similar lack of interest is also observed in social science research on this segment of schooling. Quality mass secondary education is important for India as one of the ways of addressing social inequalities by expanding educational and employment opportunities for its vast population of youth. Based on a study conducted in Mumbai city, the paper examines the nature of state provision of secondary education and the outcomes of government schooling for the urban poor. It argues that by curtailing direct investments in the schooling of the poor and indirectly subsidising private schooling of the middle classes, the state deprives the poor of schooling and contributes to the reproduction of social inequalities through schooling. The paper also discusses how specific curricular subjects such as English and mathematics act as gate keepers in this process.
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