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Title: Perspectives on Caste, Sexuality and citizenship among women in Begging Practice in Bombay
Authors: Arvel, Pournima
Keywords: School of Development Studies
Asha Achuthan
Begging Practices - Women - India
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: The stereotypes around begging and homelessness are well known all over the world. Social science research in India around the lives of women who are involved in begging practice or women who are homeless often combine these two experiences of begging and homelessness and sometimes stereotype them. My contention is that this conflation of experiences is problematic. This research explores the lives of women who are involved in the practice of begging and women who are homeless. It seeks to ask questions of women’s increased visibility in begging practice as compared to men. In this context, the research looks at changes in beggary law that have happened and are happening in different cities of India. In the state of Maharashtra, state actors maintain and uphold the beggary law by Picked up people from villages and cities. These people belong to certain marginalised castes. The research centres women’s lives in the discourse on begging practice and seeks to address the lacunae in the understanding of begging as a form of traditional and caste based occupation. What do women think about beggars’ homes and why are they living in beggars’ homes? How do women negotiate with the state with positive and sometimes negative outcomes? These are some of questions the research attempts to open up. The research also seeks to understand the concept of migration as seasonal migration within the city. There is a group of people who migrate especially during the holy period of time and during festivals from villages to cities. These women while living on the streets think of and make adjustments to ensure their safety. The challenges of accessing fundamental rights on the street for them and the help they need from the state are further explored. The concepts of marriage and caregiving, access to fundamental right on street is also challenging for them. Through findings from the field, this research posits the idea of the ‘old city’ existing within the smart city. What, then, is the life of the city or life in the city for these ‘other’ subject citizens? How is the life lived within the ‘obsolete’ city by vulnerable, marginal subjects, also a life of modernity? It explores the different kinds of vulnerabilities that women who live in the streets grapple with. The idea of ‘home ix making’ on the streets challenges the dominant understanding of domesticity and home making. The issue of citizenship and the attitude of the state towards women in begging practice and those women who are homeless bring out some commonality in their experiences and issues. While the conflation of women in begging practice and homeless women is problematic, certain experiences of negotiating safety on the street and harassment by police make their vulnerabilities similar. Keywords : Women in begging practice, beggars’ homes, street, livelihoods, migration, seasonal work, seasonal migration, citizenship, urban spaces, finding home, meanings of begging x
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_Title Page.pdf125.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Declaration.pdf37.84 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Certificate.pdf37.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Dedication.pdf100.9 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Acknowledgement.pdf112.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Contents.pdf111.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_Abbreviations.pdf76.39 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Abstract.pdf92.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Chapter 1.pdf228.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 2.pdf2.92 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 3.pdf168.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 4.pdf235.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 5.pdf2.89 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 6.pdf102.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Chapter 7.pdf185.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Bibliography.pdf91.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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