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Title: OBC Political Formations In Maharashtra : A Bahujan Feminist Perspective Of Politics Of Inclusion And Bahujan Sangharsh Samiti
Authors: Madhukar, Lata Pratibha
Keywords: Kalpana Kannabiran
Women’s Studies - Hyderabad
OBC Political Formations - Maharashtra
Bahujan Sangharsh Samiti
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Significantly in the era of Mandal I (1979-2006) to Mandal II (2007-2017) the OBC movement in India have gone through various conflicts and disturbances. It has seen resistance as well as support from the silent masses of backward classes. It has always been remained in the political debate. As a result, it has brought out different dynamics of the affirmative action politics around the castes in Shudra-Atishudras. The emergence of Hardik Patel as a hero of Patidar / Patel community demanding to include them in OBCs, blocking of highways by Jats in Haryana with the same demand, Marathas’ demand to include them in OBCs and show power through massive rallies against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989 (hereafter PoA Act) are enough examples to show that now politically powerful people stake a claim to reservation on the basis of their backwardness. This can be seen as a reaction to reservations for SC, ST and OBCs. On other hand all these castes were reluctant to call themselves “backward” just a decade ago. The realization that reservations mean equal opportunities in education, employment and electoral politics, lead to demands for inclusion. Henceforth identity politics becomes the politics of inclusion. These claims however are based on a myth created that Patels, Jats, Patidars, Gujars and Marathas are OBCs. Research in this area shows us a different face of the OBCs, that while in numbers they are in majority, each caste is by itself in minority. In this research, while bringing out significance of the OBC movement in Maharashtra, it was essential to look into the historical legacy of Satya-Shodhak to the Non-Brahmin movement. The southern part of India and Maharashtra were leading in the Non-Brahmin movement and resistance against caste discrimination. These movements asked for human rights, access to education, inter-caste marriages, social gathering and inter dining, Satyagraha by Shudra men and women to enter temples, and later rejecting idol worship etc. In this geographical belt you find the legacy of awakening from a Bhakti movement to a Non-Brahmin movement making it the appropriate historical context to build Bahujan discourse and OBC movement.Paradoxically however, it was quite a surprise that researchers like Jaffrelot to see the silent revolution of OBCs in Bihar and UP (Jaffrelot ....). At another level, the pattern of the OBC movement all over India is quite different from other new social movements. Apart from the national level leadership in the legislative body which played a vital role, one cannot name a single leader of OBC movement. This movement has emerged from a collective consciousness around the demand of implementation of Mandal Commission Report. It is similar to the women’s movement, Dalit movement and Adivasi movement which emerged through collective consciousness. But the strategies of, mobilizing, organizing, the strategies, campaign planning, decision making are quite different than these other contemporaraneous movements....................................
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01_Title Page.pdf35.57 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Declaration.pdf21.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Certificate.pdf29.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Contents.pdf34.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Acknowledgement.pdf33.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Synopsis.pdf47.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_Chapter 1.pdf152.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Chapter 2.pdf246.87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Chapter 3.pdf229.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 4.pdf190.4 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 5.pdf219.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 6.pdf273.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 7.pdf286.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 8.pdf82.57 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Bibliography.pdf87.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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