Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://192.168.194.112/handle/1/11504
Title: Experiences of Victims of Caste Violence Seeking Justice through Court of Law : Few Case Studies of Scheduled Castes from Satara District, Maharashtra
Authors: Nikalje, Sujit Shantabai Anandrao
Keywords: Centre for Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy
Avatthi Ramaiah
Caste Violence - Seeking Justice - Maharashtra
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The criminal justice system in India is doing favors to the accused of applying the famous principle, “Doesn’t matter if any criminal did not get the punishment, but it is important that no any innocent person will be punished by the court of law.” In this system, The Criminal Procedure Code and Evidence Act play an important role to get justice. There are several laws and policies for the eradication of untouchability practice under the provision of the Indian Constitution, such as the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955, the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocity) Act, 1989 (POA Act) and its Amendment in 2016. Despite these laws till today Scheduled Castes (SCs) in India are subjected to inhuman brutality, discrimination and extreme forms of exploitation. The POA Act many measures to prevent the upper castes misbehaving with SCs and STs. In this Act, the burden of proving innocence lies on the accused. However, this law is not acceptable to leaders of the caste Hindus who are often the accused. They have been protesting against this law from the beginning. In 2016, the Maratha leaders of Maharashtra in Maratha Kranti Morcha argued that most of the atrocity cases filed under these laws was false and that these laws were often misused. Further, they demanded for the scrapping of these laws. Some of them demanded for major changes in these laws. However, this law is still a reality, the magnitude of the cases of caste discrimination and atrocities against the SCs are ever increasing. In the above context, the present research is aimed at studying the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in protecting the rights and dignity of the SCs by closed examining to implementation of the POA Act in rural and semi-urban context. It is based on the experiences of the victims, their family members, witnesses, supporters, Investigation Officer (IO) and Assistant Public Prosecutors (APP) who were involved directly in the process of seeking justice to the victims. The researcher studied in-depth six unique cases of caste based discrimination and atrocities, purposively chosen from the Satara district. It focuses on the challenges faced by the victims, witnesses and their supporters at the time of registering the crime, during the trial in the court and even after the judgment. It also looks at the impact the judgment had on the victims and their family members. The researcher adopted a qualitative methodology and studied six unique, registered caste discrimination and atrocity cases. The researcher conducted in-depth interviews, focus group discussion with key informant and also examined judgment of the cases. Considering the fact that most of the chosen cases the judgment came after 2 to 4 years. In the light of the above, the researcher agrees with the popular saying “Justice delayed is justice denied.” It is not merely the issue of denial of justice. The denial of justice also resulted in more crimes against the victims by the accused even after the judgment. Key Words – POA Act, SCs in Satara, Discrimination, Atrocities
URI: http://192.168.194.112/handle/1/11504
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_Title Page.pdf106.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Declaration.pdf134.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Certificate.pdf153.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Contents.pdf155.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Acknowledgement.pdf157.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Abstract.pdf156.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_List Of Abbreviations.pdf82.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Chapter 1.pdf315.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Chapter 2.pdf190.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 3.pdf392.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 4.pdf327.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 5.pdf331.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 6.pdf243.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 7.pdf190.9 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_References.pdf162.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Annexure.pdf86.57 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


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