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Title: Industrialization, Education and Santhals in Anandpur, Jharkhand
Authors: Bhakat, Sujan
Keywords: Centre for Studies in Sociology of Education
Ranu Jain
Industrialisation - Santhals - Jharkhand
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The present focus of this research is exploring the impact of industrialization on education of Santhals and on their socio-economic status in Anandpur village, Gamharia block, Seraikella- Kharswan district of Jharkhand. Gamharia block is rich in mineral and is a hilly terrain which is very well fed on water due to heavy rainfall thus it attracted industrialization Anandpur region was predominantly an area inhabited by Santhals, It is a tribe which basically lived in harmony with nature, had barter economy and was largely the conservers of nature. Their needs never exploited the terrain and the motherland. In Anandpur region, many small industries were set up since British period.t. Due to the industrialization, many educational institutions and technical institutions like ITIs have been established. The technical institutions specifically aim in the direction of skill building. The research has tried exploring that despite these developments, why the education levels among the Santhals low what kind of educational choice the Santhals are making? The study attempts to understand the meaning of education for the Santhals and the shift in their approach towards education. The industrialization has taken away the significance of indigenous knowledge and the focus is now on the technical education which will facilitate individuals in getting jobs in the factories. So the youth is aspiring only and only for technical courses and not for higher critical education. Industrialization is directly related to development in the region and has had negative impact on the socio-economic status of the Santhals. The research is an effort to see whether the changed socio-economic status contributes towards their education, towards sending children to good institutes or not. One of the major finding is that the development work that took place in Anandpur region has benefitted the outsiders who came from neighboring states, so local people could hardly gain from the same. This research also tries to explore how this development works is t reaching the local people and how others get chance to get good jobs in small industries. This research attempts to explain the dynamics of Santhals and other communities (Kumhar and Baisnab) in Anandpur. Overall Santhals have been getting marginalized in the society in Anandpur. The migrated communities slowly and gradually took over their land and means of producing and gathering the food. These people also got an upper hand in getting jobs at the industries as they were little bit educated in the mainstream languages which were required by the management of industries. But as the means of self-sustaining livelihood were taken away from Santhals they were pushed to become the labor class. The study tries to focus on the broad area of how and why Santhals are getting pushed to margins in society here the social capital theory helps in understanding why the trade unions/ labor unions have also started failing in providing support to Santhals. It helps in understanding the functioning of unions and their impact on the livelihood options of already marginalized labor class of Santhals. The cultural ecological theory helps in understanding systemic constraints on the Santhals and community oriented processes on the educational choices made by the community. It helps in understanding various issues such as lack of teacher, lack of infrastructure, alien language, lack of travelling facility, and distance from the institutes. In this study qualitative methods have been employed for data collection. Besides secondary sources, the data has been collected from 40 respondents including Santhal youth, parents, government and private teachers, heads of the Santhal community and an officer of AIADA (Adityapur Industrial Area of Development Authority).
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_Title Page.pdf166.26 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Dedication.pdf78.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Declaration.pdf270.87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Certificate.pdf192.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Acknowledgement.pdf95.07 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Table of Contents.pdf94.66 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_List Of Tables.pdf95.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_List Of Figures.pdf93.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Abbreviations.pdf204.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Abstract.pdf97.66 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 1.pdf618.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 2.pdf471.51 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 3.pdf230.24 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 4.pdf410.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Chapter 5.pdf560.98 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Chapter 6.pdf215.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_References.pdf437.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_Annexure.pdf224.7 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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