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Title: Ethnic Identity Reconstruction and Political Assertion among Limboos in Sikkim
Authors: Subba, Suhang
Keywords: School of Social Sciences
Sonowal, C.J.
Ethnic Identity Reconstruction - Political assertion - Limboos in Sikkim
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The present research is focused on the ethnic identity reconstruction and political assertion among the Limboos in Sikkim. Ethnic identity is the category of people distinguished by cultural makers such as religion, language, custom, tradition, dress and color. Ethnicity is the sense of ethnic identity in terms of subjective, symbolic and emblematic which differentiates one ethnic group from other ethnic group. Ethnic identity formation is not a one way process of identification from within the one ethnic group, but it has to recognize by outside groups as well. In the construction of nation-states during 18th and 19th century, the ethnic-nationalism and state- centered nationalism took away the identity of the small ethnic groups. The colonization, migration, war, conflicts, state subjugation and discrimination and religious conversion remained the major reason of the loss of ethnic components. Limboo is one of the indigenous tribe of Sikkim. Limboos has its own history, religion, language, mythology, custom, tradition, folklore and folktales. Before the formation of Sikkim, the Limboos had own kingdom called “Limbuwan”. Limboos had participated in the formation of Sikkim kingdom in 1642 AD through the “Lho-Men-Tsong-Sum” treaty. Limboo tribe follows the religion called “Yumaism” which is animist and their mythology is based on “Mundhum” which is oral in nature. Limboo have own script and dialect called “Sirijunga Script” The state subjugation,discrimination,and religious conversion were the major reason behind the loss of the Limboo kingdom, changing of religion and loss of script. „Limbuwan‟ the kingdom of ethnic Limboo fell into two states of Nepal and Sikkim, and divided the ethnic Limboos into two parts. In both the states, the ethnic Limboos faced state subjugation and religious conversion. This research analyzed the effort of Limboos in reconstruction of their history, language, religion and political assertion for Limboo (Tsong) seats and Schedule Tribes status in Sikkim. The ethnic Limboos demanded Limboo (Tsong) seat and Scheduled Tribe status of the basis of historical „Lho-Men-Tsong-Sum‟ treaty. The ethnic Limboos have revived and reconstructed the Limboo script. This research also analyzed caste politics dynamics and dynamics among the different ethnic groups. The current political assertion about Limboo tribal seats in Sikkim Legislative Assembly has also been discussed.
Appears in Collections:M.Phil.

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01_Title Page.pdf88.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Certificate.pdf137.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Declaration.pdf137.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Acknowledgement.pdf75.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_Dedication.pdf205.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_Contents.pdf153.8 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_Abstract.pdf150.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Chapter 1.pdf183.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Chapter 2.pdf219.44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 3.pdf346.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 4.pdf342.17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 5.pdf310.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 6.pdf254.92 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 7.pdf244.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Reference.pdf164.41 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Appendix.pdf186.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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