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Title: Impact Of Leadership and Professionalism On Work Outcomes Amongst Nurses
Authors: Naik, Pratima
Keywords: School of Health System Studies
Nasreen Rustomfram
Professionalism - Nursing Professionals
Leadership Style - Sub-ordinates Work outcomes - Relation Between
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: Professionalism is often considered as the extent to which skilled personnel are committed to their profession and their work, which is characterized by a set of attributes including a commitment to professional organisation and profession, and a strong belief in altruistic service, self-regulation and autonomy. Previous research suggested that professionalism among skilled personnel served as a form of resistance and control for coping with the leadership behaviour of their leaders. It was revealed that professionalism, as possessed by professional subordinates, would reduce their need for dependence on task-related information and reduce the effects of leadership from their leaders. In fact, professionalism is considered one of the key-determining factors prevailing in leadership research of professionals working in organizations. In this regard, it is particularly relevant and significant to have a thorough understanding of how subordinates professionalism influences their work outcomes under different leadership styles. The purpose of this study is to empirically analyse professionalism as a moderating variable in the leader-subordinate relationship. Specifically, it explores the effects of subordinates professionalism on the relationships between transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership styles, and subordinates’ work outcomes in the nursing profession. A conceptual model is constructed to explain the hypothesized relationships. The main objectives of this study are:  To determine the level of professionalism among nursing professionals.  To study the leadership style of nursing leaders and the perception of the same by their sub-ordinates.  To examine the relationship between leadership style and sub-ordinates work outcomes.  To analyse the moderating effects of sub-ordinates professionalism on the leadership style and work outcomes of the subordinates.. A cross-section of 510 qualified nursing professionals, stratified by professional affiliation (nursing superintendent/ nursing director/matron, nursing teachers/nursing lecturers/sister tutors and Bed side nurses ) and states (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi and Maharashtra), was drawn to explicate the identified issues from a cross-state perspective. Questionnaire survey through postal was adopted as the primary instrument of data collection. This study is based on two main hypotheses: (1) Leadership styles (transformational, transactional and laissez-faire) are significantly correlated with subordinates’ work outcomes (subordinates’ extra effort, perceived leader effectiveness and satisfaction with leaders). (2) Subordinates’ professionalism has a significant moderating effect on the relationships between leadership styles and subordinates’ work outcomes. The findings of this study support the proposition that transformational and transactional leadership are in general positively correlated with subordinates’ work outcomes while laissez-faire leadership showed negative effects. The results further support that transformational leadership can augment transactional leadership to produce more effective subordinates’ work outcomes. The results of moderated regression analyses suggest that subordinates’ professionalism has different moderating effects dependent upon the type of leadership styles and the type of subordinates work outcomes. The results of this study reveal that high levels of professionalism among subordinates serve to enhance the positive relationships between transformational leadership and subordinates work outcomes. However, these same high levels of professionalism will differently neutralise or exacerbate the impact of transactional leadership on subordinates work outcomes. They will also exacerbate the negative relationships between laissez-faire leadership and subordinates work outcomes. All in all, the findings of this study suggest that appropriate use of leadership styles for the management of professionals in organisations can lead to more effective work outcomes in subordinates. Taken together, transformational leadership is more compatible with and conducive to a professional culture in organisations in the built environment than either transactional or laissez-faire leadership.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D.

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01_Title Page.pdf78.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_Declaration.pdf149.58 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_Certificate.pdf200.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_Table of Contents.pdf271.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_List Of Tables.pdf204.48 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_List OF Figures.pdf200.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_Abstract.pdf166.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_Preface.pdf133.57 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_Acknowledgement.pdf202.23 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_Chapter 1.pdf283.26 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_Chapter 2.pdf537.04 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_Chapter 3.pdf556.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_Chapter 4.pdf331.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_Chapter 5.pdf555.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_Chapter 6.pdf450.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_Appendix.pdf1.26 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_References.pdf203.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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