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Title: Impact of Mass Rapid Transit System On Cultural Heritage : A Study in the Walled City of Jaipur
Authors: Singha, Shweta
Keywords: School of Habitat Studies
Himanshu Burte
Cultural Heritage - Jaipur
Centre for Urban Policy and Governance
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: Historical sites which constitute an integral part of nation’s history are the drivers of economic, social, political factors for a lively and sustainable environment. They shape the urban landscapes with their exceptional cultural heritage and hence intends to form the backbone of a balanced settlement structure. Concentration of economic activity leads to increase in population which occurs due to greater concentration of economic activity and also as a result of urbanization. Such an increase in population destroy social unity in cities and regions and thus social exclusion starts to built in cities and regions. As soon as a city starts getting urbanised, people tend to prefer better lifestyle and adequate services causing a change in the the existing city fabric and hence this leads to an undefined urban pattern. Thus, people tend to ignore their own identities and traditions just to live a safe and secure life. With the growing population in India, development of public transport has not been at par. Hence, there is a continuous demand for the development of public transport which will ensure fast travel, efficient mobility and alongwith an effective growth of the economy. The Metro Rail, also known as the Mass Rapid Transit System developed as a solution to the insufficiencies in terms of public transport. Metro is necessary in areas which are densely populated and also congested with a very poor means of public transport and hence causing regular traffic congestion. Jaipur, as such is one city where the public transportation system in Jaipur is unorganized with insufficiency in numbers of available public buses and also connectivity around the city area. Hence, Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation took the initiative to develop metro rail for faster connectivity in and around the city. But this urban development project was built at the cost of destructing hundreds of heritage sites. Jaipur city is witnessing problems due to urbanisation. Linking the walled city with metro rail services is greatly impacting the heritage of the city. When a transport project impacts a cultural space, it not just affects the aesthetics but also has an impact on the people intricately linked with it . Thus, the goal of this study is to investigate upon how a Mass Rapid Transit System is bringing about a change in the Jaipur’s city fabric from being a heritage city to Metro-polis and its impact on the local people.
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