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Title: Institutional Transformation Due To Urban Water Reforms : Understanding the Impact of Financial Efficiency and Distributional Equity of 24/7 Water Supply Model on Poor Colonies of Nagpur
Authors: Dawale, Roshan
Keywords: School of Habitat Studies
Pranjal Deekshit
Water Reforms - Nagpur
Centre for Water Policy, Regulation and Governance
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: India, as a second largest demography in the word, has varying degree of social, political, economic and environmental problems. One of the challenges, which is of persistent in nature, is the rapid urbanization. With urbanization the existing cities are growing to its periphery and pose a challenge to the local government to provide basic services like water. Therefore, there is a elevated burden on the existing water supply systems which increases the problem of scarcity, equity, efficiency, affordability, poor service, sustainability and so on., At the international level, same trend have been observed and specific solutions have been suggested. One of such intervention to provide a universal coverage of water to all is the privatization of the urban water supply services, which are considered to be in a bad shape. At the global, privatization, has led to many success as well as failure stories in the developed and developing countries. These both the dimension have been contested, and debated across the world. Developing country, like India, has adopted the globalization post 1990s and went for the sectoral reforms. The private players are allowed to stake in the utility sector, such as water. One of such interventions is the Public Partnership model in India which has became a common phenomenon, post economic reforms. However, the success of the same has been remained ambiguous. The Urban water reforms through JNNURM, has brought horizontal unbundling of the municipal institutions, leaves a greater chance for private players. These reforms have been heavily criticized at various platforms, as the PPP models which were adapted, failed in various parts of the country. The challenges remain as they were in the past. Issues of cost recovery, operation and maintenance, high tariff, regulation and so on are still evident. Amidst of all this, there are few models of PPP which are criticized at the inception but they are still in operation. Like the case of Nagpur PPP, this is not much in the debate and discussions, in recent years. Moreover, there is no comprehensive analysis of this PPP model on various dimensions. This has given a scope to interventions in this study area. There are few studies like Gedam (2013) and media documents which show that the water supply in Nagpur is inequitable. But there is no sign of manifestation of this which has been observed I cases of international models. Therefore, it suggest that there need an comprehensive study of this model so as to understand the underlined dynamics. This research study is an attempt to understand the PPP model in Nagpur city to understand the impact of financial efficiency and the distributional equity on the urban poor, who are often remains deprived of the services due to various reasons. The Sequential – Mix Method, as a research method was adopted during the study. Broadly the findings have shown that this model has been losing the pace at which it was intended to run, leaving space for the challenges. Moreover, the ground realities have been observed in better situation than that of the past.
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