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Title: Exploring Possibility for Sustainable Groundwater Based Livelihood: A case study of South-western Haryana
Authors: Partik Kumar
Keywords: School of Habitat Studies
Pranjal Deekshit
Groundwater - Haryana
Centre for Water Policy, Regulation and Governance
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: The thesis seeks to understand whether and how the changes in consumption pattern of water use in the south-western Haryana had resulted in the depletion of the groundwater resources and how the depletion had impacted the life and the livelihood of the people in the region. At also explore the possibility of intervenes in sustaining the groundwater based livelihood. Through the empirical set data, it was found that the current situation of groundwater in South-western Haryana is the result of changes in the consumption pattern over a long period of time. The over-extraction of the aquifers is both due to increase in the demand for water as well as the assured supply at the same time. On one hand, the changes in the consumption pattern had demanded more water and on the other hand, technological advancement and policies had assured the same amount of supply. The depletion had multiple socio-economic implications and are functions of existing heterogeneity. The quality, quality, and reliability all are making it into the current crisis. The depletion had resulted in the overall cost of the extraction of water. Over the years the extraction is becoming more and more capital expensive and had good potential that in the coming years will exclude the marginalized out of the system, making them resource poor. The future implication of depletion could be the large-scale migration from the region. An integrated and decentralized approach can be an answer to the looming crisis. Lowering the extreme load of demand from the aquifers should be the first priority, the conjunctive use of Groundwater as well as the surface water can be helpful in sustaining the livelihood in the region, the canal water can be used to recharge the aquifers based on some region-specific recharge models. Also, policies should be made to incentivize the farmers for using modern efficient methods of irrigation and for a shift from more water incentive crops to lesser one without losing the overall income. The participation of the community is a must for management as well as the regulation of the resources. The stakeholders should be sensitized towards the issue.
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